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1. How does magnetism affect water?

The answer to this question lies in Magneto Hydrodynamics (MHD).This rather impressive sounding word is what scientists refer to as the study of the effects of magnetic energy on fluids.  Michael Faraday discovered that water flowing past a conductive material will generate a weak electrical charge.

This discovery (made over 120 years ago) is the basis that we use today when treating water and other fluids with magnetism.  Many principles are at work.  Some of them we understand while others are not yet fully understood.

Simply put, MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS (MHD) is a simple physical water treatment using advanced magnetic technology for neutralizing the lime scale caused by Calcium Carbonate in hard water.

2. Do magnetic systems soften water?

“Softening” usually means replacing some of the most essential minerals in the water with SODIUM (which doctors warn can be harmful to health), or removing those minerals with special filters.  Both of these methods present problems because of their pollution, health risks and/or wasted water.

With the reduced surface tension of water after magnetization, MagnaTek systems create soft water behavior.  The character inherent in hard water is its crystallizing phenomenon, which produces scale.  When hard water is properly magnetized, the nucleating effect of the crystallization (scaling) is reversed.

3. Will MagnaTek’s MHD system remove minerals from the water?

Our magnetic scale control systems will keep the minerals in solution so they will not accumulate (form hard crystals) in plumbing systems and at heat exchange locations.

Lime scale develops when the minerals in hard water precipitate out of solution as water is heated and form hard crystals called Calcite.

By passing water through a properly applied magnetic field, the physical nature of the water and calcium molecules change so as to allow the formation of less dense crystals called Aragonite.

Since Aragonite is very light weight, it will remain suspended in the water flow as it passes through the plumbing system. New scale formation is prevented and existing scale is removed over time.

4. What makes MagnaTek’s magnets unique?

MagnaTek systems are not made with ordinary magnets.

A few key principles are critical in the successful design and application of MagnetoHydroDynamics:
1. Strength of the magnetic field (power)
2. Properly focused energy field (polarity)
3. Contact time of applied magnetic field (quantity of units)
4. Ideal location (to account for turbulence, distance of travel, pipe composition, flow rate, mineral composition, temperature etc.)

An MRI specializes in magnetics and its influence on the human body.  A bar-code scanner specializes in magnetics and its influence on bar codes.

Similarly, MagnaTek specializes in magnetics and its influence on conductive fluids. Many models on the market are simply not effective due to their poor design, small size, and limited magnetic strength.

MagnaTek manufactures only the highest grade barium ceramic magnets whose unique design is configured to focus almost all of the magnetic energy into the pipe and flowing fluid.

MagnaTek’s Superior Design Typical Designs Have Limited Effect

MagnaTek’s Superior Design

Typical Designs Have Limited Effect

5. Will magnetization affect the pH of a fluid?

As a result of the magnetic influence, fluids are configured and ionized such that the total numbers of H+ and OH- ions are forced to move toward parity.  This is a direct result of being placed in physical close proximity to other molecules that are able to accept these ions into their structures.

By accelerating the general ionic content, an acidic fluid is forced towards becoming alkaline and an alkaline fluid moves towards acidic—that is, neutralization. Additionally, this unique ionic activity buffers the pH, actually reducing the wide variations found in fluids.

6. Can magnetized water reduce corrosion?

Yes, in two distinct ways:

1) The magnetic influence helps to neutralize and buffer the fluid (see # 5).

2) Dissimilar metals create an electrical charge that alters equipment surfaces. By removing scale formation, MagnaTek water softener magnets can eliminate scale-related electrolytic corrosion.  This type of corrosion is caused by the adherence, and subsequent electrochemical reaction, of scale to a surface.

When water flows past the powerful water magnets, they magnetize the flowing fluid and disrupt the natural bonding of water molecules—altering the structure of the scale-forming minerals. The molecules of contaminates such as calcium carbonate remain suspended in the water flow while it passes through your plumbing system and hence reduce corrosion.

7. Can MagnaTek systems have a beneficial effect on process fluids that are presently conditioned with chemical additives?

Yes.  When magnetized, process fluids mix more readily with conditioners because the lowered surface tension creates “wetter” behavior and the uniform bonding improves the mixture.  The chemicals are utilized more effectively.

Briefly, the magnetic influence increases the fluid’s affinity for the conditioner – reducing the conditioner’s normal precipitation from the fluid and, as a result, the same conditioner works longer and as a result is less expensive.

8. We already have a water softener.  Can magnetic fluid conditioning help?

Definitely.  When the surface tension is reduced, anything added to the magnetized fluid will dissolve and mix more readily.

In terms of a water softener, the magnetized feed water actually increases the efficiency of the softener by increasing the net ion charge and thereby creating a better chemical reaction in the normal ion-exchange.

By increasing the efficiency, the system requires less salt to do the same job.  Some installations have reduced salt consumption by 50%.

9. How can magnetized water help a Reverse Osmosis system?

A Reverse Osmosis unit is really an ultra-filtration system, so fluids that are high in mineral content will clog the filtration membrane with mineral crystals.

Since the magnetized fluid will prevent crystal formation, placing a MagnaTek system on the feed of the Reverse Osmosis unit will decrease membrane clogging and ultimately reduce downtime required to flush the clogged membrane.

10. Can anything adversely affect a magnetized fluid?

Yes.  Usually a strong physical disturbance can have a negative impact on magnetized water.  Since the molecules have been forced into a rigid configuration by the magnets, any turbulence caused by a pump impeller, water meter or similar physical disturbance will cause the magnetized fluid to lose some of its magnetically produced orientation and qualities. This phenomenon is called vibrational depolarization.

For this reason, we always install our systems after such disturbances; for example, after the water meter on a straight piece of pipe, and on the hot water tank outlet pipe after any elbows.  Sometimes we recommend increasing the magnetic boost using additional units mounted side by side.

Similarly, magnetized fluids that lie dormant for a long period of time will eventually lose their induced orientation.

Water treated by MagnaTek magnets retains its magnetized state through up to 200 feet of pipe. The magnetic effect lasts for up to 48 hours in stored water treated by MagnaTek magnets. Since most households use their water system regularly, they can be assured of a constant supply of properly conditioned water treated with MagnaTek magnets.

11. Does heat affect a magnetized fluid?

Heat itself does not affect a magnetized fluid.  What affects a magnetized fluid is the process of heating.  Currents and physical movements such as water coming to a rolling boil can cause disorientation to the desired magnetic effect. For this reason, we always install our systems on the outlet pipe from the water heater.

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